Steven Lynch's Desk @ Wisden

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Steven Lynch's Desk @ Wisden

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How many teams have won a Test after being dismissed for less than 100 in their first innings?



There have been three lower scores than England's 67 where teams have gone on to win a Test, though they have all come more than 130 years ago

I'm still trying to make sense of that last day at Headingley - and wondered how many teams have won a Test after being dismissed for less than 100 in their first innings? asked William Johnson from England

Following that amazing performance at the weekend, there have now been 16 all-out totals of under 100 that were still enough to win a Test (ignoring the declarations and forfeitures in the match between South Africa and England in Centurion in 1999-2000). England had warmed up by doing the same just a month previously, beating Ireland after being skittled for 85 on the first morning at Lord's. Only three of these totals - all more than 130 years ago - were lower than England's 67 at Headingley. In the first Test in Sydney in 1886-87, England won despite being shot out for 45 in the first innings (they made 184 in the second; Australia were out for 119 and 97). Australia won at Lord's in 1888 despite being rolled for 60 in their first innings (a record 27 wickets tumbled on the second day), while at The Oval in 1882, in the match that spawned the Ashes, Australia won after being shot out for 63 in their second innings.


Was England's 67 at Leeds their lowest total in an Ashes Test? asked Ibrahim Kamara from Sierra Leone

England's catastrophic collapse to 67 all out at Headingley last week was their lowest in an Ashes Test for 71 years - they were bundled out for 52 by Ray Lindwall and Keith Miller at The Oval in 1948, on the first day of Don Bradman's final Test match.

In all, England have had 11 smaller totals than last week's 67. Seven of the others were against Australia, including their lowest of all - 45 in Sydney in 1886-87, in a match they went on to win by 13 runs.

Joe Denly was the only Englishman to reach double figures at Leeds. Was this a record? asked Michael Horton from England
England have had five previous innings in which only one batsman reached double figures, the most recent being against West Indies in Kingston in 2008-09, when Andrew Flintoff (24) made nearly half a miserable total of 51. There has only been one completed Test innings which contained 11 single-figure scores: when South Africa were skittled for 30 by England at Edgbaston in 1924, the highest score was 7, by their captain Herbie Taylor.

Denly's effort did set one record, though: 12 is the lowest score to be the highest of a completed England innings. The previous lowest came during a total of 99 against Australia in Sydney in 1901-02, when both Willie Quaife and Gilbert Jessop made 15. That was equalled against South Africa at Lord's in 1998, when Nasser Hussain also made 15 of England's 110 - an innings which, remarkably, contained six double-figure scores.


Joe Denly's tortured 12 was the highest individual score - and the only double-digit one - in England's first innings at Headingley

Was Don Bradman the oldest to score a hundred in an Ashes Test? asked Ian Hugo from Nigeria

Don Bradman was about a month short of his 40th birthday when he scored his 19th and last Ashes century - an unbeaten 173 - as Australia reached 404 for 3 to win on the final day at Headingley in 1948.

Seven players have scored Ashes hundreds when older than Bradman; all were over 40 except Graham Gooch, who was nine days short when he made 120 for England at Trent Bridge in 1993. The oldest of all was Jack Hobbs, who made five Ashes centuries when over 42, including 142 in Melbourne in 1928-29 when he was 46. The others were Patsy Hendren (aged 45 in 1934), Warren Bardsley (43 in 1926), Warwick Armstrong (three in 1920-21, when 41), Geoff Boycott (40 in 1981) and Charles Macartney (three in 1926, aged 40).

Bradman was only 20 when he made his first Test century, 112 against England in Melbourne in 1928-29. Only four others have reached three figures in the Ashes at a younger age: Archie Jackson (19, also in 1928-29), Neil Harvey (19 in 1948), Doug Walters (19 in 1965-66, and another a fortnight later after turning 20), and Denis Compton (20 in 1938).

Australia had seven left-handed batsman at Headingley. Was this a record? asked T Krishna Reddy from India

Australia's seven left-handers in last week's third Test at Headingley equalled the national record: they also fielded seven against Sri Lanka in Sydney in 2012-13 (David Warner, Ed Cowan, Phillip Hughes, Mike Hussey, Matthew Wade, Mitchell Johnson and Mitchell Starc), and in three successive Tests in 2016-17 - Warner, Wade, Starc, Usman Khawaja, Matt Renshaw, Nic Maddinson and Josh Hazlewood against South Africa in Adelaide, then against Pakistan in Brisbane and in Melbourne.

The overall record is eight left-handers in the same Test side, which was achieved by West Indies in two Tests during 2000 - against Pakistan in Georgetown in May, and against England at The Oval in August - and by England against Australia in Sydney in 2013-14.

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Re: Steven Lynch's Desk @ Wisden

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Ishant's maiden 50 came in his 126th innings -- is this record?
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Re: Steven Lynch's Desk @ Wisden

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Has Ishant Sharma had the longest wait to get to a Test fifty?

Also, what was the highest score in the fourth innings of a Test by a batsman in a winning cause?

Steven Lynch
STEVEN LYNCH
03-Sep-2019

Ishant Sharma is the second-slowest to his maiden Test fifty by innings Getty Images
I heard that Jasprit Bumrah's hat-trick was only the third for India, and only the third in the West Indies. Is that right? asked Rahul Bhasin from India
Jasprit Bumrah's hat-trick in Kingston last Saturday was indeed the third for India in Tests, following Harbhajan Singh's against Australia in Kolkata in 2000-01, and Irfan Pathan's in the first over of the match against Pakistan in Karachi in 2005-06.


Of the 44 Test hat-tricks so far, there have been two others in the West Indies, both of them coming in Barbados: Jermaine Lawson took one for West Indies against Australia in Bridgetown in 2002-03, and Matthew Hoggard followed suit for England in Bridgetown in 2003-04.

Has anyone taken more innings to record their maiden Test fifty than Ishant Sharma? asked Mit Chowdhury from India
Ishant Sharma's 57 in the first innings in Kingston was his maiden Test half-century, in his 126th innings. Only two others have needed a century of innings to reach 50: Glenn McGrath got there in his 115th knock for Australia (61 against New Zealand in Brisbane in 2004-05), but the record remains with England's Jimmy Anderson, who did not reach fifty until his 131st innings, finishing with 81 against India at Trent Bridge in 2014. His next-highest score, in 208 attempts, is 34.

What's the record for the most scores of 90-plus in a Test innings, and a match? Have there ever been two 99s in the same innings? asked Kerry McAllister from Australia
There have been 56 Test innings that contained two scores of between 90 and 99. Only one of those involved two 99s; for Pakistan against England in Karachi in 1972-73, Majid Khan and Mushtaq Mohammad both fell one short of hundred (Dennis Amiss also made 99 for England, making a record three in the match). At the other end of the scale there has also been one innings in which two people were out for 90 - VVS Laxman and Irfan Pathan for India against Pakistan in Faisalabad in 2005-06.

The record for a Test is four nineties, which has happened twice: by New Zealand (Dipak Patel and John Wright, both 99) and England (Robin Smith 96, Allan Lamb 93) in Christchurch in 1991-92, and by England (Graeme Hick 96, Jack Russell 91, Mike Atherton 95) and West Indies (Richie Richardson 93) at The Oval in 1995 (Sherwin Campbell also made 89 for West Indies).


Gordon Greenidge has the only fourth-innings double century in a successful chase - his 214 not out against England at Lord's in 1984 Adrian Murrell / Getty Images
What was the highest score in the fourth innings of a Test by a batsman in a winning cause? asked T. Krishna Reddy from India
I'm guessing this one was inspired by Ben Stokes' remarkable display in that classic Test at Headingley last week. His 135 not out actually lies 17th on this particular list, although it's the third-best for England after Mark Butcher's 173 not out against Australia at Headingley in 2001, and Jack Brown's 140, also against Australia, in Melbourne in 1894-95.

Top of the list, and the only fourth-innings double-century in a winning cause, is Gordon Greenidge's unbeaten 214 against England at Lord's in 1984. In second and joint third (with Butcher) come two innings from the same match - Arthur Morris made 182 and Don Bradman 173 not out in Australia's last-day victory over England at Headingley in 1948. There have now been 75 fourth-innings centuries in successful chases in Tests.

To win at Headingley, England scored more than five times their first-innings total. Was this some sort of record? asked Tim Palmer from England
England's second innings of 362 for 9 at Headingley was 5.4 times as big as their paltry first effort of 67. But it turns out this is some way short of the Test record: at Edgbaston in 1924, South Africa made 390 in their second innings - 13 times as many as the 30 they had scraped together in the first.

I think the first-class record was also set at Edgbaston, in 1922. Hampshire were bowled out by Warwickshire for 15 in their first innings, but in the follow-on made 521 - nearly 35 times as many - before going on to win.
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Re: Steven Lynch's Desk @ Wisden

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How many players have made their Test debuts captained by their brothers?
Also: who has scored the most runs in Tests without ever being out for a duck?

Steven Lynch
STEVEN LYNCH
11-Dec-2018

Left-arm spinner Wellington Masakadza was given his Test cap by Zimbabwe captain - and his older brother - Hamilton Getty Images
I noticed that Wellington Masakadza made his Test debut captained by his brother. How many others have been given their first cap by a relative? asked Brian Hartson from South Africa
Slow left-armer Wellington Masakadza won his first cap in a rare overseas victory for Zimbabwe in Sylhet last month, in a side skippered by his brother Hamilton.


It turns out this was the eighth instance of someone making his Test debut captained by his brother. The previous two instances both involved Arjuna Ranatunga, who was Sri Lanka's captain when Dammika Ranatunga won his first cap, against Australia in Brisbane in 1989-90, and also when Sanjeeva Ranatunga debuted against Pakistan in Kandy in 1994-95. (Arjuna was also in charge when another brother, Nishantha, played his first one-day international, against Zimbabwe in Sharjah in 1992-93.)

The first instance was in the very first Test match: Dave Gregory captained Australia in Melbourne in 1876-77, and his side included his brother Ned. It happened again in Durban in 1913-14, when Dan Taylor made his debut for South Africa, captained by his younger brother Herbie.

In Calcutta in 1933-34, CS Nayudu made his debut for an Indian side led by his brother CK, while the following season Rolph Grant made his debut for West Indies in Bridgetown, under his brother Jackie. And in Karachi in 1976-77, New Zealander Murray Parker made his debut in his younger brother John's only Test as New Zealand's captain.

For Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ahmed made his debut against India in Lucknow in 1952-53, in a side captained by his brother-in-law AH Kardar, while David Holford's skipper for his first Test, for West Indies against England at Old Trafford in 1966, was his cousin, Garry Sobers.

Who has scored the most runs in Tests without ever being out for a duck? asked Keith Hamilton from England
The leader on this particular list is the former Zimbabwean captain Dave Houghton, who now coaches Derbyshire. In a 22-Test career that started when he was 35 - he hit 121 in Zimbabwe's inaugural Test, against India in Harare in 1992-93 - Houghton scored 1464 runs in 36 innings, without ever being out for a duck.

There are five others who finished their Test career with more than 1000 runs and no ducks: the Australian captain Herbie Collins made 1352, his fellow Aussies Reggie Duff 1317 and Jim Burke 1280, while the recent West Indian player Brendan Nash scored 1103 and the 1950s Pakistani batsman Waqar Hasan 1071.

Of current (or very recent) players, Sami Aslam of Pakistan has scored 758 Test runs without a duck, and the Australian opener Matt Renshaw 636.

Marcus Harris was recently dismissed for 26 in both innings of his Test debut. Has this happened before? asked Christopher Shen from Australia
If you mean has anyone ever been dismissed twice for exactly 26 on debut before - as Marcus Harris was in the first Test against India in Adelaide - then the answer's no. But there have been higher debut doubles. Dan Taylor - the South African coincidentally mentioned in the first question - made twin 36s on debut against England in Durban in 1913-14. The Indian allrounder Syed Abid Ali made 33 in both innings of his debut, against Australia in Adelaide in 1967-68.

Another South African, Bernard Tancred, made 29 and 29 - a large proportion of his side's runs in their inaugural Test - against England in Port Elizabeth in 1888-89. And the England pair of Arthur Carr (against South Africa in Johannesburg in 1922-23) and Mark Ramprakash (v West Indies at Headingley in 1991) both made two scores of 27 in their first Test appearance.


No other bowler has as parsimonious an economy rate as Joel "Big Bird" Garner in ODIs - 3.09 in 98 one-dayers Getty Images
Which bowler has been the most economical in ODIs? asked Devendra Patel from India
The lofty West Indian Joel Garner is on top of this particular table - and my guess is he'll stay there forever, given the more attacking mindset of batsmen these days, not to mention the restrictions on fielders and bouncers which were less stringent in his day. "Big Bird" conceded just 3.09 an over in his 98 ODIs, leaving him significantly meaner than the next man, Australia's Max Walker, who went for 3.25 an over.

The most economical current bowler is the Afghan mystery spinner Mujeeb Ur Rahman, at 3.84 per over; his spin partner Rashid Khan is not far behind, on 3.90. Another Afghan slow bowler, left-armer Amir Hamza, conceded 3.92 (his last match to date was in 2017). The only other bowler whose career took place entirely in the current century who went for less than four an over was the Zimbabwean left-arm spinner Ray Price, who just made the cut with 3.99.

I noticed that Alastair Cook took part in 26 Tests at Lord's. Is this a record for one ground? asked Alex Bartram from England
Alastair Cook's 26 appearances is the record for Lord's - his old mate Jimmy Anderson is close behind with 23 - but he's only second overall, as Mahela Jayawardene squeezed in 27 Tests at the Sinhalese Sports Club in Colombo. He's also joint fifth on this list, with 23 Tests in Galle, a number matched by Kumar Sangakkara. Just above them lies Muttiah Muralitharan, who had 24 Tests at the SSC.

Steven Lynch is the editor of the updated edition of Wisden
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Re: Steven Lynch's Desk @ Wisden

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Partnership record for each wicket in test
https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source= ... 3E_NqvsjDi
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